St. Catherine of Siena stands out among other canonized women because she successfully navigated the turbulent waters of Church politics in an age when respectable women stayed within the walls of their homes or convents. She refused to marry a man her parents had chosen and cut off her hair to settle the issue. Rather than become an enclosed nun, she entered the Dominican Third Order and imitated the friars by preaching and ministering to people in the streets. She struggled to reform corrupt clergy of the Roman Church and to establish peace between the warring city-states of Italy. In 1970, Paul VI named her a Doctor of the Church.

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